Charcot’s Joint
Charcot Arthopathy Presentation in left foot

Charcot’s Joint

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Charcot's Joint (aka Charcot's osteoarthropathy¬†or¬†Charcot's neuroarthropathy) is most commonly seen as a complication of diabetes, but is also sometimes seen with syphilis. It is the result of peripheral neuropathy.…

Continue Reading Charcot’s Joint

Diabetic Foot Check

  • Reading time:4 mins read

In diabetes it is important to check distal circulation. Diabetes affects blood vessels, causing a loss of blood supply that can lead to ischemia and tissues damage. This is particularly…

Continue Reading Diabetic Foot Check

Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Reading time:4 mins read

Introduction Diabetic retinopathy is a preventable complication of diabetes mellitus (both types 1 and 2). The risk is directly correlated to the patients glycemic control - worse control results in…

Continue Reading Diabetic Retinopathy

Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

  • Reading time:14 mins read

Gestational Diabetes Introduction Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response in pregnancy, thought to be induced by maternal hormones. ¬†However, in some women, this is severe enough to result…

Continue Reading Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes in Pregnancy

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS)

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Introduction Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state (HHS) was formerly known as HyperOsmolar Non-Ketotic coma (HONK). HHS is a condition that occurs in patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus and have…

Continue Reading Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS)

Introduction to Diabetes

  • Reading time:14 mins read

Diabetes mellitus (to be differentiated from diabetes insipidus, although mellitus is much more prevalent and thus referred to as commonly "diabetes")¬†is a chronic state of hyperglycaemia caused by a lack…

Continue Reading Introduction to Diabetes

Monitoring and Complications of Diabetes

  • Reading time:33 mins read

We treat diabetes to reduce the risk of the complications of diabetes. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death of people with diabetes. So it is important to monitor…

Continue Reading Monitoring and Complications of Diabetes

Physiology of Metabolism

  • Reading time:12 mins read

IntroductionOnly 1% of pancreatic tissue is endocrine. This tissue is found in the Islets of langerhans. Surrounding the islets are adipose tissue deposits. The older you get, the more adipose…

Continue Reading Physiology of Metabolism

Type 1 Diabetes and Management of DKA

  • Reading time:13 mins read

Introduction Type I diabetes is a disorder that results from the destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas, which produce insulin It accounts for about 10% of cases of…

Continue Reading Type 1 Diabetes and Management of DKA