CURB-65 Score

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Community-acquired pneumonia Severity can be assessed by using the CURB-65 score (1 point for each): Confusion Urea >7mmol/L Respiratory rate ≥ 30/min BP < 90 systolic and/or 60mmHg diastolic Age…

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Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT
Doppler ultrasounds demonstrating DVT. Note the red and blue overlay which indicate blood flow away from and towards the probe in a doppler scan. The lack of this colour overlay in the arrowed area is indicative of the presence of clot. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT

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Summary Deep Vein Thrombosis is exactly as its name suggests: a clot in the veins. They can occur in any vein, although they are much more likely in the veins…

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DVT Exam

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Introduction Introduce yourself Check you have the right patient Explain what you are going to do Gain consent Wash hands!   Inspection Look around the bed for any mobility aids…

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ECG Abnormalities
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (WPW)

ECG Abnormalities

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This article "ECG Abnormalities" is part of the almostadoctor ECG series. It provides information about the interpretation of ECGs. For a quick view of common ECG abnormalities see Summary of ECG…

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Echocardiogram

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Introduction Often just called an 'echo', echocardiography is ultrasound of the heart. It gives a reasonably accurate picture of the valves and chambers of the heart, and also gives an…

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Ectopic Pregnancy

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Introduction Ectopic pregnancy is defined as: Implantation of conceptious outside uterine cavity When women of reproductive age present with pelvic pain and positive pregnancy test assume ectopic pregnancy until proven…

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Facial Nerve Palsy

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Facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) palsy typically refers to Bell's palsy. which is by far the most common cause of facial nerve palsy - accounting for about 80% of cases. About 12% of…

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Febrile Neutropenia

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Introduction Definition: Febrile neutropenia is the presence of a fever > 38oC and with an absolute neutrophil count of <1.0x109/L [1] Note that in many hospital policies, patients may be considered to…

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Fractures: Types and Overview

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General Info Fractures can involve part of, or all of the bone cortex Open fracture – the skin or overlying mucous membrane is breached Closed – there is no damage…

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GCS, Coma and Impaired Consciousness

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Pathophysiology Consciousness is closely related to the reticular activating system. This means that many focal brain lesions above the level of the RAS will not affect consciousness – unless the…

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