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AIM: closing an anaesthetised wound using interrupted sutures using an aseptic technique. Introduction to patient State your name and role and confirm patient’s identity State purpose of interaction and gain…

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The Anion Gap

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Introduction The anion gap is a tool used to: Confirm that an acidosis is metabolic Narrow down the cause of a metabolic acidosis Monitor the progress of treatment In a…

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The limping child

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Introduction The limping or non-weight bearing child is a common general practice and emergency department presentation, that can cause a lot of stress for parents. There are also a wide…

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The Vomiting Child

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Differential Diagnoses The vomiting child is a very common presentation to general practice and emergency departments. By far the most common cause is an infective (usually viral) gastroenteritis, but it is very important…

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Introduction Trauma is managed by teams in the Emergency Department. There is often a defined set of individuals on a ‘Trauma Team’. This might include: Team Leader – often an…

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Tricyclic Overdose

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Introduction Tricyclic Medications (sometimes called tricyclic antidepressants, or TCAs) for example;  amitriptyline, dosulepin, are commonly taken in overdose. They are probably one of the more dangerous medications to use in…

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Upper GI bleed

  • Reading time:7 mins read

Introduction Upper GI bleeding is a major complication of Peptic ulcer disease. It occurs in 1/2000 people each year, of which ½ of these cases are due to PUD. Also…

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