ENT Tumours

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In this article we look at some common types of ENT tumours. Acoustic Neuroma / Vestibular Schwannoma Acoustic Neuromas (AN), or as they should be called, vestibular schwannomas are tumours…

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Introduction Most nosebleeds arise from little’s area on the nasal septum. Five arteries anastomose to form little’s area: Anterior Ethmoid Artery Posterior Ethmoid Artery Sphenopalatine Artery Great Palatine Artery Superior…

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Facial Pain

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Sinusitis Clinical features Dull constant aching pain over the maxillary sinus Tenderness over underlying skin Postnasal drip Ethmoid/sphenoid a pain felt deep in the midline at the root of the…

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Hearing Loss in Adults

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Common causes External meatus blocked by wax Presbyacusis Sensorineural hearing loss Presbyacusis Loss of hair cells on cochlear as increase in age Audiogram; High frequencies lost first, low frequencies stay…

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Hearing Loss In Children

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Introduction Hearing loss in children is particularly important due to the effects on developing language and speech and performance in school. Hearing aids should be fitted early on if severe…

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Neck and Thyroid Exam

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Introduction Wash hands, check right patient, introduce yourself, get permission Ask the patient to sit up straight in a chair, and expose their neck down to the shoulders. You could…

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Causes Causes of Otalgia Local Causes Causes of Referred Pain Acute otitis externa Acute otitis media Furunculosis Barotrauma Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Neoplasia Perichondritis Myringitis Children Tonsillitis Dental disease / teething…

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Otitis Externa

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Introduction Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an infection of the external ear canal. It is a common presentation in general practice. It is occasionally known as "swimmer's ear" due to…

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Otitis Media

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Introduction Otitis Media is an umbrella term that can refer to several subtypes of middle ear infection and inflammation; acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, and chronic suppurative otitis media.…

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Overview of Hearing Loss

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Introduction Hearing loss can be: Sensorineural Conductive  Mixed Hearing loss is quantified by audiological assessment and the production of an audiogram which quotes air and bone hearing thresholds in dB.…

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