Focussed Exam – Cerebellar and Sensory Ataxia

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Introduction Tests that will elicit cerebellar signs are in Red Tests that will elicit sensory ataxia are in Blue The method of the test is in Green   If you…

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Focussed Exam – Parkinson’s Disease

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In the OSCE situation (or in clinical practice) you may be asked to perform an examination to elicit the signs of Parkinson’s disease. In this case you don’t have to…

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Foot Examination

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Look With patient weight bearing; Observe the feet, comparing one with other, for symmetry. Look for nail changes or skin rashes such as psoriasis From behind, look at the hindfoot…

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GALS Examination

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Introduction This stands for: Gait Arms Legs Spine The exam is a quick way of screening for musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most of the exam can be done without actually having to…

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Hands Examination

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Setting up and getting started Look for any walking aids Look around the bed for medications (e.g. artificial tears) Look for any physical aids, e.g. hand grabbers Look for any…

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Hernias

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Introduction and Definitions A hernia is – a protrusion of a viscous out of a containing cavity. i.e. it is when a structure passes through another thing and ends up…

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Hip Examination

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The hip is another ball and socket joint, but has reduced levels of movement compared to the shoulder. The joint’s main role is weight bearing. Inspection Ask the patient if…

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Hydration Status

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Introduction There may be clues in the history. E.g.: Patient feels thirsty Admitted for poor fluid intake Sepsis Bleeding Vomiting Bowel obstruction Inspection Look around the bed for clues. E.g.…

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Introduction to Abdominal Exam

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For a detailed walkthrough of abdominal examination, please see the Abdominal Examination article Introduction Wash hands Check patient name/DOB/hospital number Introduce- “My name is…” Consent – Explain what your going…

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Introduction to Cardiovascular Exam

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For a detailed walkthrough of the cardiovascular examination, please go to the Cardiovascular Examination OSCE section INTRODUCTION Wash hands Introduce- “My name is…” Consent – “I have been asked to…

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