Respiratory Examination

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For a quick overview of the respiratory system exam, please see the Introduction to Respiratory Exam article General Instructions Always examine the patient from their right. Make sure you get…

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Routine Examination of the Newborn (Neonate Exam)

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Introduction Strictly speaking, a neonate is any baby <4 weeks old. Then up to 1 year old, the child is an ‘infant’. Usually, within minutes after birth, a midwife or…

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Shoulder Examination

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Introduction The shoulder is a ball and socket joint with a wide range of movement. The joint is somewhat unusual, in that the "socket" (glenoid) is very shallow, and as-such,…

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Testicular Exam

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Testicles are normally examined if there is: Pain Swelling Abdominal pain (torsion of testes) Examination Usual stuff – wash hands, check right patient, introduce yourself, explain, get a chpaerone Normally,…

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Testing the Nerves in the Hand

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Median Nerve Carpal tunnel syndrome Thenar eminence o   Abduction of the thumb o   Abductor policis brevis Sensory of palmar surface of the lateral (radial) 3 ½ digits   Ulnar Nerve…

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Upper Limb Examination

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The key aim is to identify the anatomical site of the lesion: central (UMN - brain and spinal cord)versus peripheral (LMN - nerve roots and peripheral nerves). • NB –…

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