Cluster Headache
Cluster headache MRI - specifically a type of scan called Voxel-based morphometry - which is highlighting abnormal hypothalamic activity. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Cluster Headache

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Introduction Cluster Headache ‚Äď ¬†aka - migranous neuralgia accounts for <1% of all headaches. Cluster headache causes a¬†unilateral pain that typically wakes the patient during the night, so called, because…

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Facial Pain

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Sinusitis Clinical features Dull constant aching pain over the maxillary sinus Tenderness over underlying skin Postnasal drip Ethmoid/sphenoid a pain felt deep in the midline at the root of the…

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Giant Cell Arteritis

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Introduction Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) aka Temporal Arteritis¬†is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition of the medium to large arteries which particularly affects the branches of the carotid artery. It presents with…

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Patterns of Headache


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Headache is a very common presenting problem. The vast majority of headaches, even though they can be disabling for patients, will be benign. Patients may often associate headache with hypertension…

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Malignant Hypertension
Signs seen in papilloedema

Malignant Hypertension

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Introduction Malignant hypertension (aka -¬†hypertensive crisis)¬†is a very high blood pressure that typically comes on suddenly and quickly. It is defined as systolic blood pressure of >180 mmHg and /…

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Medication Overuse Headache

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Introduction Medication overuse headache (AKA rebound headache) usually occurs in patients with a past medical history of severe headache, for which they have frequently/ excessively used analgesics. Clinical Features Chronic…

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An example of a visual aura in migraine


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Introduction Migraine is a common cause of headache affecting about 15% of individuals. Headaches are typically recurrent, and last anywhere up to 72 hours. It is more common in women,…

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Summary of Headaches

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  Headache Characteristics Duration Fequency Mechanism Treatment Tension ¬† Tight band feeling, stress, low mood ¬†-Diffuse, ache,dull - Worse on touching scalp, agg by noise -Associated with tension - Depression…

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Tension Headache

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Introduction Tension headaches are thought to account for about 40% of all headaches. They are also sometimes referred to as¬†muscle contraction headaches.¬†They typically last for several hours, and often recur…

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