Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease

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Congenital cyanotic heart disease ‚Äď aka blue baby syndrome¬†accounts for about 25% of all congenital heart defects Causes There are lots more! In the exam, you might be asked to…

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Congenital Heart Disease

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Introduction Cardiac abnormalities in children are predominantly congenital. There are a wide range of diseases that can be classified as congenital heart diseases, some of which are life-threatening, whilst other…

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Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

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Introduction Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting inherited disease in Caucasians. It is caused by a genetic mutation that alters mucus production, resulting in a more viscous solution. It…

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Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Baby wearing a Pavlik Harness. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

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Introduction Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH, formerly known as congenital dislocation of the hip) describes any abnormality found in the neonatal hip joint. The degree of abnormality varies considerably.…

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Duchenne’s Muscular Dystrophy

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This is a severe form of muscular dystrophy, and most boys do not survive past adolescence. It is an¬†X-linked recessive condition. Typically affects skeletal muscles initially, but may later go…

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Eating Disorders and Weight Loss

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Introduction Eating disorders are associated with a high degree of morbidity, and occasionally - mortality.¬†They most commonly present in adolescent females.¬†About 1 in 20 young females who pursue a 'diet'…

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Febrile Convulsion

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Introduction A seizure is a neurological event where there is a synchronous discharge of many neurons. Each individual has a ‚Äėthreshold‚Äô at which their neurons will begin to do this.…

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Fifth Disease

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Introudction Fifth Disease -¬†so called as it was the¬†fifth¬†of the six common childhood skin rashes when it was first classified back in the 18th and 19th centuries. Formally known as¬†Erythema…

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Fragile X Syndrome (Martin-Bell Syndrome)

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Introduction So called as there is a ‚Äėfragile site‚Äô¬†on the X chromosome.¬†This is a non-staining, weakened section of the chromosome which is susceptible to breaking. It is an example of…

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