Kawasaki Disease
Strawberry tongue - which is often seen in Kawasaki Disease. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Kawasaki Disease

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Introduction Kawasaki‚Äôs Disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitic syndrome of early childhood. The disorder has also been called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome and infantile periarteritis nodosa. The illness was…

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Klinefelter’s Syndrome (47,XXY)

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This is the presence of an extra X chromosome in males¬†to give¬†(47,XXY).¬† Epidemiology 1 in 1000 male live births Clinical features Usually diagnosed in childhood when there is: Clumsyness Learning…

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Laryngeal and Tracheal Infection

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Introduction Although sometimes referred to as synonymous as ‚ÄėCroup‚Äô there can be many causes, croup just being the most common. It can be a very serious acute situation, as inflammation…

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Introduction Leukaemia¬†is a broad term, applied to a range of blood cell cancers. The leukaemias can be classified as acute or chronic, and sub-classified as myeloid or lymphoid. ¬†Thus, there…

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Introduction Now relatively rare in the UK Older children have more severe disease Caused by the Morbillivirus, which is a type of paramyoxovirus This is a single stranded, enveloped RNA…

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Definitions Meningitis ‚Äď although this technically only means inflammation of the meninges, it is usually taken to mean infection. Meningitis is far more common in infants and children than in…

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Child with parotid swelling due to mumps


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Background Mumps is a NOTIFIABLE DISEASE in the UK Another viral respiratory tract infection. Caused by the mumps virus. Most common in winter/spring Spread by droplet infection Not as infectious…

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Nappy Rash

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Introduction Nappy rash (or for the more technically minded¬†Napkin dermatitis,¬†and in the US diaper rash) is a term used to describe several disorders of the skin in the region of…

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Neonatal Jaundice

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Introduction Neonatal Jaundice is very common, with 60% of babies becoming jaundiced within the first week of life. It is however, often very¬†worrying for parents, and for clinicians, the challenge…

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Non-Accidental Injury

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Introduction There are three main categories of environmental hazard for a growing child: Accidents, poisoning and abuse. The parents and other family members are mostly responsible for minimizing the risk…

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