Adrenal Physiology
Location of the adrenal gland - on top of the kidneys. Image modified from original images taken from SMART by Servier Medical Art by Servier and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License

Adrenal Physiology

  • Reading time:17 mins read

Introduction This article looks at adrenal physiology and explains the production and effects of adrenal products. For more information on mechanisms of blood pressure regulation, secretion of ions, and other…

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Gastric Physiology

  • Reading time:7 mins read

Introduction The stomach can be roughly divided into two regions, which contain two different lots of cells, with different functions Oxyntic glandular area – this contains oxyntic (parietal cells) that…

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Liver Physiology

  • Reading time:6 mins read

FunctionThe two roles of the liver are:Processing of absorbed materialsExcretion of unwanted products and secretion of stuff to help with fat digestionStructureThe liver is divided into many thousands of ‘lobules’…

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Physiology of Metabolism

  • Reading time:12 mins read

IntroductionOnly 1% of pancreatic tissue is endocrine. This tissue is found in the Islets of langerhans. Surrounding the islets are adipose tissue deposits. The older you get, the more adipose…

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Renal Physiology

  • Reading time:16 mins read

Introduction Renal physiology is complicated. Don't worry too much if you don't feel like you have a full grasp of it - most of us don't! It seems to be…

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Respiratory Physiology

  • Reading time:7 mins read

Inspiration is an active process, but normal expiration is a passive process. Forced expiration recruits the abdominal muscles to help force out air. Muscles of breathingDiaphragm – this is the main…

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