Arthritis Definitions
Lady with arthritis

Arthritis Definitions

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Arthritis referrs to "inflammation of the joints", or perhaps more correctly - painful joints. Arthritis can be considered to be of four main types: Osteoarthritis - a degenerative form of arthritis…

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Behçet’s Disease
Behcet's Mouth Ulcer. Image: Ahmet Altiner MD, Rajni Mandal MD -

Behçet’s Disease

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Introduction Behçet's Disease is a rare autoimmune disorder, causing the systemic inflammation of blood vessels. Most commonly seen in individuals of middle eastern origin, the condition is named after Turkish…

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Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)

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Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is an inherited connective tissue disorder caused by defective collagen synthesis. Symptoms vary widely between individuals. Some may be hardly effected, whilst other live severely restricted lives. Epidemiology…

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Elbow Examination
AN example of olecranon bursitis of the elbow, causing soft tissue deformity over the olecranon

Elbow Examination

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Look Look from the front for the carrying angle and from the side for flexion deformity Look at elbow for scars, rashes, muscle wasting, rheumatoid nodules, swellings and psoriatic plaques…

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Introduction Fibromyalgia is a non-specific muscular disorder of unknown origin. It primarily affects insertions of tendons and associated soft tissues and presents with dull aching pains. It is much more…

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Foot Examination

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Look With patient weight bearing; Observe the feet, comparing one with other, for symmetry. Look for nail changes or skin rashes such as psoriasis From behind, look at the hindfoot…

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GALS Examination

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Introduction This stands for: Gait Arms Legs Spine The exam is a quick way of screening for musculoskeletal dysfunction. Most of the exam can be done without actually having to…

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Giant Cell Arteritis

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Introduction Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) aka Temporal Arteritis is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition of the medium to large arteries which particularly affects the branches of the carotid artery. It presents with…

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Gout and Pseudogout
Classical gout appearance 1st MTP. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Gout and Pseudogout

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Gout Introduction Gout is a type of crystal arthritis. The other main type of crystal arthritis is that in which calcium pyrophosphate crystals are formed (pseudogout). Gout is a disorder…

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Hands Examination

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Setting up and getting started Look for any walking aids Look around the bed for medications (e.g. artificial tears) Look for any physical aids, e.g. hand grabbers Look for any…

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