APGAR Birth Prognosis Score
Virginia Apgar

APGAR Birth Prognosis Score

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Introduction APGAR stands for: Activity Pulse Grimace Appearance Respiration Co-incidentally this is also the exact last name of the anaesthetist who developed the score in the 1950s - Virginia Apgar.…

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ASA Physical Status Classification System
Scoring systemis in medicine

ASA Physical Status Classification System

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System to assess the fitness of patients before surgery Status 1: Healthy patient Status 2: Mild systemic disease Status 3: Severe systemic disease Status 4: Severe systemic disease that is…

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CURB-65 Score

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Community-acquired pneumonia Severity can be assessed by using the CURB-65 score (1 point for each): Confusion Urea >7mmol/L Respiratory rate ≥ 30/min BP < 90 systolic and/or 60mmHg diastolic Age…

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HAS-BLED score for anticoagulation
Scoring systemis in medicine

HAS-BLED score for anticoagulation

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The HAS-BLED tool is often used to assess a patient's bleeding risk before starting the use of anticoagulation - particularly in relation to atrial fibrillation. It is often used in…

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Hepatic Encephelopathy
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Hepatic Encephelopathy

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West Haven criteria for grading hepatic encephalopathy Grade 1: Trivial lack of awareness. Impaired attention span. Altered sleep, euphoria or depression. Mild asterixis may be present. Grade 2: Lethargy or…

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MRC Dyspnoea Scale in COPD
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MRC Dyspnoea Scale in COPD

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Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale in COPD 1: Not troubles by breathlessness except on strenuous exercise. 2: Short of breath when hurrying or walking up a slight hill. 3: Walks…

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NYHA Heart Failure Classification
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NYHA Heart Failure Classification

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New York (NYHA) classification of heart failure Class I (Mild): Heart disease present, but no undue dyspnoea from ordinary     activity. Class II (Mild): Comfortable at rest; dyspnoea on ordinary activities.…

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PERC score
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PERC score

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The PERC score can be used as a screening tool in patients with a low clinical likelihood of pulmonary embolism - to assess if there is a need for further work-up,…

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RIFLE criteria for assessing AKI (Acute Kidney Injury)
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RIFLE criteria for assessing AKI (Acute Kidney Injury)

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Class Serum Creatinine/ GFR Urine Output Risk ­ in Serum Creatinine x 1.5 or GFR ¯ >25%  <0.5 ml/kg/hr – more than 6 hours Injury ­ in Serum Creatinine x…

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TNM Staging System
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TNM Staging System

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The TNM staging system is used in the evaluation of many cancers. Each individual cancer has its own slight variation on the system, however, it is universally applicable in its…

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