• Reading time:4 mins read

Acute Cholecystitis This is caused by a blockage in the cystic duct or neck of the gallbladder (95% of cases are gallstones or gallstone precursor ‘sludge’) It is unlikely to…

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Colorectal Cancer

  • Reading time:21 mins read

Summary This article refers to cancer of the large bowel. Interestingly, the small bowel is a very rare site for carcinoma, despite the fact it has the highest cell turnover…

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Compartment Syndrome
A fasciotomy being performed for compartment syndrome

Compartment Syndrome

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction Compartment syndrome is a condition that results from swelling of a muscle. The muscle is retained in its fixed volume fascia (its "compartment"), however, and thus the swelling of…

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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – CRPS
Complex regional pain syndrome - an image showing the swelling and redness sen in CPRS. This file is taken from wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – CRPS

  • Reading time:5 mins read

Introduction Complex regional pain syndrome (previously known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or Sudeck atrophy) is a poorly understood condition which typically affects the extremities (arms and legs), causing severe pain, disability and…

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  • Reading time:13 mins read

Summary What is diverticular disease? It is an acquired condition, in which there are small out-pouchings of the mucosa of the large intestine, known as diverticulae. Definitions Diverticulosis – the…

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Faecal Incontinence

  • Reading time:1 mins read

Introduction Occurs in 15% aged >65Y, increasing incidence with age in men only. Causes include: Sphincter weakness (following childbirth/surgery); Anal/rectal pathology e.g. fistulae, Crohn’s, proctitis; Neurological disease (chorda equine, pudendal nerve);…

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Gallstones and Biliary Colic

  • Reading time:15 mins read

Introduction Gallstones (cholelithiasis) refers to the formation of hard stones in the gallbladder - a process which typically takes years to occur. It is a very common phenomenon which affects about…

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Gastric Tumours

  • Reading time:13 mins read

Introduction Unless otherwise stated, the article below refers to gastric adenocarcinoma The second most common cancer worldwide (behind lung cancer) Most common in South America and Japan (due to diet)…

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Haemorrhoids and other anorectal disorders

  • Reading time:6 mins read

Haemorrhoids This is swelling and inflammation of the veins in the rectum and anus. They are THE most common cause of rectal bleeding. They are extremely common in adults. Aetiology…

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